Can I Sue My Child's School for an Injury?

When your child is hurt, you’re furious. Parents can’t stand to see their children in pain, and when they are forced to, they want to take action. That’s a big part of why Case Barnett Law receives this question so often: “Can I sue my child’s school for an injury?”

We understand how upsetting it is to see your child hurt, and we work hard to get justice for injured children and their families every day. But the answer to this question, unfortunately, is not always yes. In fact, it’s often no.

There are plenty of reasons for that, as well as a ton of relevant laws and concepts to understand if you are seeking justice for your child’s injury at school or daycare. Below, we help you understand when you may be able to sue a school for your child’s injury. Read on to learn more, or reach out to an experienced California child injury attorney at Case Barnett Law to discuss your case.

Schools Are Responsible for Your Child’s Safety 

In general, California schools are responsible for caring for your child during the school day. The law requires them to create detailed safety and security plans and follow them to the letter. Because the law holds that schools are responsible for your child, you might assume that the school is responsible for any injury that might occur to your child at school. Unfortunately, that isn’t always the case.

It is true that if a school is negligent in caring for your child and that negligence results in an injury, they likely will be liable for that injury. However, demonstrating that a school was truly negligent is often difficult. That’s because schools can often point to their safety plans and show that they did take the necessary measures to reduce the likelihood of injuries occurring. 

In other words, not all school injuries will warrant a lawsuit against the school. That is often a disappointing realization for many parents of injured children, which is understandable, but it’s important to keep in mind that the school may not be the only potentially liable party for your child’s injury.

How Kids Get Hurt at School child holding nose with blood tissue after school injury in california

Can you sue your child’s school for an injury? That will depend heavily on the nature of the accident and the actions the school took to prevent such injuries. Below, we look at some possible liable parties in the most common types of incidents that lead to school injuries.


Sadly, bullying is prevalent in school. And children who are bullied can face long-term psychological trauma as a result. Perhaps even more frustrating for parents is that bullying is rarely enough on its own to warrant a lawsuit against a school.

Most California schools will have procedures meant to deal with allegations of bullying, and as the parent of a child who is being bullied, you are expected to engage in those procedures with the school. The simple occurrence of bullying on school property does not constitute negligence on the part of the school.

However, in some cases, bullying can escalate to physical violence that warrants legal action. Even in these cases, though, the parents of the bully are often liable for the injuries instead of the school. 

School Bus Accidents

School bus accidents injure thousands of students every year. And while these accidents often do lead to legal and insurance claims for the resulting injuries, they only sometimes implicate the school district.  

If the school district’s policies or lack thereof contributed to causing the school bus accident that injured your child, you might be able to sue the school for your child’s injury. An example might be subpar background checks for district-employed bus drivers, in which the driver was directly at fault for the crash.

In most other cases, however, the at-fault party in a school bus accident is the driver of another vehicle or even the manufacturer of one of the involved vehicles.

Playground Injuries

Injuries during recess and on the playground are relatively common, and the school may be liable for them in some cases. For example, if there was inadequate supervision of the playground or if the school failed to maintain the playground equipment, you might be able to sue the school if either of those factors caused your child’s playground injury.

In other cases, the manufacturer of defective playground equipment or the parents of another child may be liable for your child’s injury, depending on the details of the accident.

Slip-and-Fall Accidents

If the school failed to address a puddle or other factor that caused a floor on school property to be slippery and hazardous, it might be liable for resulting injuries to students. 

Food Poisoning

School cafeterias are responsible for providing food that is safe to consume. While food poisoning only rarely results in injuries severe enough to sue over, if such a case did arise because a school cafeteria had negligent food preparation practices, you might be able to sue the school district.

In other cases, however, the cause of food poisoning may be out of the cafeteria’s control. In that case, the school would likely not be liable for resulting injuries. 

Sports Injuries

Most children who play school sports have to sign a waiver that relieves the school of liability in the event of an injury. That means that injuries that occur in regular practices and games may not lead to a viable lawsuit. However, these waivers are not bulletproof, and certain negligent or intentional actions by coaches or other school officials could warrant a school injury lawsuit.

Natural Disasters

Natural disasters are no one’s fault, but when they hit a school, the school is responsible for having in place adequate safety procedures. If your child was harmed in a natural disaster like an earthquake or wildfire while at school, the school may be liable for their injuries if the harm was a direct result of an inadequate disaster safety or response plan. 

Sexual Abuse

Sexual abuse is shockingly common in schools, whether it happens in youth sports, after-school clubs, or a wide variety of other school-related settings. The sexual abuse of a child is not just a criminal act — it’s an act that can warrant a lawsuit. And sometimes, such as when a school fails to properly vet its employees or tries to cover up sexual abuse, those lawsuits can be against the school districts themselves.

Suing Public vs. Private Schools

Suing a school for your child’s injury can get tricky when the school is public. That’s because public schools are seen as an extension of government, and there are different rules for suing the government in California. 

For example, instead of the usual two-year deadline (statute of limitations) to sue a non-government party for an injury, you face a deadline of just six months when the school responsible for your child’s injury is public. In addition, you have to follow strict rules laid out by California law when you submit your claim to the government. 

It’s not impossible to sue a public school — Case Barnett Law has won many cases filed against Orange County school districts — but it can be difficult.

Private schools, on the other hand, are often much easier to sue for a child’s injury. That’s because they don’t receive government funding and are generally regarded like other private businesses in terms of liability.

Can You Sue a Daycare for a Child’s Injury?

What about daycare? We send our children to daycare at their youngest and most vulnerable ages. Surely, there is a way to hold them accountable for your child’s injuries.

There is. The rules for suing a daycare for an injury in California are much the same as the rules for suing a school. If the daycare was somehow negligent, and if that negligence resulted in your child’s injury, you very likely can sue them. 

Schedule a Free Consultation with a California Child Injury Lawyer Today

Figuring out whether you can sue your child’s school for an injury isn’t easy. Tiny details can make or break a case, and the school isn’t always the right party to name in your lawsuit. These details can lead to a lot of confusion, which is why it’s helpful to speak with an experienced Orange County personal injury lawyer.

At Case Barnett Law, we help families seek justice for their children’s injuries. Sometimes, but not always, that involves suing a school. In any case, our trusted attorneys have the experience and legal knowledge you need on your side as you seek compensation for what has happened to your child.

You can find out whether you can sue your child’s school for an injury at no cost to you. That’s because we offer free consultations. To request a free consultation with our team, reach out by calling 949-409-0055 or filling out the online contact form below. We have been proudly servicing clients throughout Costa Mesa, California and the surrounding areas.

Case C. Barnett
Costa Mesa Personal Injury Attorney practicing in child injury law, car accident injuries and elder abuse law
Post A Comment